Config Files#

  • general config (Ubuntu): /etc/postgresql/10/main/postgresql.conf

  • general config (Archlinux): /var/lib/postgres/data/postgresql.conf

    • to allow access from everywhere: listen_addresses = '*'

  • who can access what from where and how (Ubuntu): /etc/postgresql/10/main/pg_hba.conf

  • who can access what from where and how: (archlinux)/var/lib/postgres/data/pg_hba.conf

    • example: host <database> <user> md5

    • example: hostssl <database> <user> md5

Commands (prompt)#

  • change the user from root to postgres: su -l postgres

  • init the db: initdb --locale=en_US.UTF-8 -E UTF8 -D /var/lib/postgres/data

  • enter db tool psql: psql

  • create user: createuser --interactive

  • create database

    • createdb <db_name>

    • create and set owner: createdb <db_name> -O <role_name>

  • restart the db: systemctl restart postgresql.service

Commands (psql)#

  • connect: psql -h <host_or_ip> -p <port> -d <database> -U <username>

  • set password: \password <role_name>

  • list user (roles): \du

  • list user (roles) with passwords to check if they are set: select * from pg_shadow;

  • list databases: \l

  • detele db: DROP DATABASE <db_name>;

  • delete role: DROP ROLE <role_name>;

Create User / Database#

  • CREATE USER <username> WITH PASSWORD '<password>'; -

  • CREATE DATABASE <db_name> OWNER <username>; -