Package Management

  • clean cache: apt clean
  • list installed packages: apt list --installed
  • list manually installed packages: apt-mark showmanual
  • remove package with dependencies: apt-get <remove/purge> --auto-remove <package_name>
  • list installed packages from a specific source: aptitude search "?origin (<package_source>) ?installed"

Update the System

# fetch list of available updates
apt update

# list packages that can be upgraded
apt list --upgradable

# install some updates - do not remove packages
apt upgrade
# or
# install updates - also remove packages if needed
apt full-upgrade

# remove any old packages no longer needed
apt autoremove

.deb Files

  • get info about a .deb file: dpkg -I <package_name>.deb
  • list Content of a .deb File: dpkg -c <package_name>.deb



  • vheck ubuntu version: lsb_release -a

Install Ubuntu as a VirtualBox Guest

This describes how to install Ubuntu as a VirtualBox guest system to do experiments with docker or other stuff.

Basic installation

  • download a server version of Ubuntu
  • the current LTS version might be a good idea
  • do normal installation

Install XFCE

To be able to copy and paste to and from the guest system you need a desktop environment like XFCE. XFCE is small compared to GNOME and the minimal installation does not contain LibreOffice and other stuff you do not need.

  • install tasksel: sudo apt install tasksel
  • execute tasksel: sudo tasksel
  • select Xubuntu minimal installation
  • press tabulatur and select Ok with return key
  • reboot

Install VirtualBox Guest Additions

Install Docker

To install docker do not install the package called docker. Docker is a “System tray for KDE3/GNOME2 docklet applications”. The package you need is called docker.io

  • install with: sudo apt install docker.io
  • start with: sudo systemctl start docker
  • stop with: sudo systemctl stop docker
  • enable (always start at boot time) with: sudo systemctl enable docker
Last modified July 16, 2022: fix headlines in linux doc (8863fae)